Dr. Andy Mackie, Author at 3D InCites

About Dr. Andy Mackie

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Heterogeneous Integration Calls for Increased Materials Reliability

Heterogeneous Integration Calls for Increased Materials Reliability

Automotive reliability is a pivotal concern for heterogeneous integration technologies, especially as emerging mission profiles for electric and autonomous vehicles push component lifetimes out by two to three times or more over standard testing regimes. There has been an increasing realization of the importance of chip-package interaction (CPI) as a source of reliability issues in semiconductor a... »